Exodus Chapter 21
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8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.
22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.
29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.
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Matthew Henry's Exodus Chapter 21 Bible commentary...
Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.
12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, #Eph 6:9|, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? #Job 31:13,14|.
22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.
Alancoote's Exodus Chapter 21 comment on 2/26/2013, 7:01am...
The later section of the book is teaching the Old Testament system of law and praise God that system was ripped through the blood of Jesus the mediator of the new and perfect covenant. And the earlier section is teaching the gospel through the Old Testament.
RogerCox's Exodus Chapter 21 comment about verse 10 on 11/12/2012, 8:41pm...
You are right in that in the current century things are much different, however my own feelings toward this teaching is that yes much of it is a head scratcher, I feel that in those times there were very many obligations to slaves, if not exactly like employees in current times and obligations are being spelled out as well as Marriage rules and obligations based on biblical times! I'm thankful that I no longer feel I have to understand every single detail, but that my faith and knowledge that Jesus is All Powerful and All Knowing and it is not necessary for me to comprehend it All as my mind at any one moment I couldn't handle all the wisdom, knowledge, and Truth that is in his Book the Holy Bible! I laid down my life before Jesus on October 25th at 2:15 am, and confessed my darkest sins ! My life is no longer a struggle, it is his to do as he pleases, as long as I remember to let go and get out of the way...... I've had a miraculous awakening and more is being revealed, my life has changed forever! I currently have a fiancé who is a Christian but I was not, instantly Our relationship was transformed to something that I couldn’t have ever conceived! I will pray for you......... These words and these actions were not mine 4 weeks ago.......... May the Holy Spirit envelop your body and soul and bring eternal peace into your Life here and in eternity and with time all the knowledge and wisdom you crave for.
Nizam's Exodus Chapter 21 comment about verse 24 on 4/06/2012, 1:41am...
View Wesley's Notes for Exodus 21:24
As per the above notes, the Holy Bible's verses has to be ruled out by some body elses.
The verses Exodus 21:24 is very clear in itself and need no clarifications, justifications from any others.
The Holy Quran also witnesses and confirms that in the religion Torah Eye for ..... is mentioned and giving additional ruling in the verses 2:178, 179 and 194, 4:92 and 4:148, 5:45, 16:126, 17:33, 22:60, 42:39,40, 41, 42 and 43.
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