Exodus Chapter 21
8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.
22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.
29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.
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Matthew Henry's Exodus Chapter 21 Bible commentary...
Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.
12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, #Eph 6:9|, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? #Job 31:13,14|.
22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.
Katie's Exodus Chapter 21 comment on 11/08/2014, 1:22am...
My Goodness. All of this arguing over ridiculousness. Sometimes I wonder how some of you don 't realize just how different it was back then. EVERYTHING WAS DIFFERENT. People of different races wouldn 't even eat at the same table. Egyptians worshipped frogs and fishes and wouldn 't own sheep because it was an abomination to the Egyptians. God knew that some people were going to be crazy as crazy can be and God is trying to keep order and y 'all are trying to say that you are better than God and that your ideas and ways are much more righteous than God. I would never go there. Never debate or question almighty God. MAN has faults and FAILS. GOD DOES WONDERS. Another thing it would seem a lot of you need to get straight is that there is a difference between Gods Law and statues and Ordinances. Not all of them have been nailed to the cross with Christ. The Law is Good. Man ISN 'T.
Paul's Exodus Chapter 21 comment on 10/29/2014, 11:06am...
People always try to make Themselves, Their opinion, Their righteousness, Their morals and principles superior to Gods. You have to remember God is dealing with evil mankind. Look around you, School shootings are almost monthly now. War all over the World. Murder, starving Children, abused Children, Corrupt Governments. Six thousand years of it. Mankind is sick and evil. Our righteousness is as filthy rags in Gods eyes. Yet we ignore all our evil acts, bow up to God and point our finger at him and say I 'm more righteous than thou. Mans gonna be and do evil that 's an absolute proven fact. So God made laws to try n curb our evil. People were gonna have slaves regardless of Gods law, so he gave laws to try n curb our evil. Man 's gonna rape regardless of God so, God made laws trying to curb mans evil. Mans Gonna murder, so God gave laws trying to curb mans evil. You have to remember Gods laws are dealing with evil mankind. God is Righteousness, Holy, Perfect. The definition of God is love. So the next time you believe your more righteous than God And think His laws are unjust. Read your newspaper, follow current events. Then go look in the mirror and you 'll find out Why God had to make some of the laws he made.
George Hartwell's Exodus Chapter 21 comment on 1/24/2014, 5:24pm...
I certainly do agree with the comment by Anonymous on 1/16/2014. In fact, this entire chapter is vile and disgusting as any moral person would agree. I do not think that the Old Testament is at all relevant in the modern world.
Anonymous's Exodus Chapter 21 comment about verse 10 on 1/16/2014, 3:56pm...
It's disturbing and sickening that RogerCox (or anyone) would even attempt to say that this act is ever okay. Whether it was commonplace then or not is entirely irrelevant. Owning slaves and doing the things to them that the Bible dictates is NEVER okay. In ANY context. EVER.
Allan's Exodus Chapter 21 comment on 1/07/2014, 3:24am...
Its difficult for the modern mind to understand thes laws, however one should ask how in a day whenstate welfare didnt
Exist and as today people for various reasons got into difficulty and couldn't provide for themselves or their family how were they to manage. These laws were given for their welfare and differed immensely from the practices the pagan nation of that day
Martinvillacg's Exodus Chapter 21 comment on 1/01/2014, 11:35pm...
It's pretty nice that you have to ask for explanations to other believers; it just supports the idea that some of you either haven't read the bible and say you follow it (blindly), or you just accept what you are being told because of your lack of initiative and curiousness.
Tommy's Exodus Chapter 21 comment about verse 32 on 11/04/2013, 10:47pm...
Thirty shekels of silver,the only amount given in the whole chapter.Thirty shekels for a servant. The same amount Judas got to betray Jesus.Coincidence ,I don't think so.
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