Exodus Chapter 21
8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.
22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.
29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.
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Exodus Chapter 21 Bible commentary...
Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.
12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, #Eph 6:9|, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? #Job 31:13,14|.
22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.
Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.
John Rycraft's Exodus Chapter 21 comment about verse 22 on 5/06/2015, 5:53pm...
Those who are pro-choice argue that this passage describes a miscarriage and is, therefore, clear evidence that a fetus was not considered to be a human being. Pro-life advocates disagree, claiming that the passage relates to a premature birth where the baby is born alive. What the pro-lifers fail to acknowledge is that, in Biblical times, a baby born prematurely would have had very little chance of survival, so the distinction between a miscarriage and a premature live birth would seem to be largely academic.
Randy's Exodus Chapter 21 comment on 4/15/2015, 10:34pm...
A somewhat gruesome chapter a listing of man 's laws, at the time. Thankfully we have, for the most part, moved beyond these laws and into a somewhat kinder and understanding world. At least in the western world. Some more acient and backward do hold this as gospel truth and to follow. But killing is not an answer to much of anything. The only understandable killing is in war, and then only to defend the faith and way of life. Remember, this is the word law of man in the bible, not Gods actual words in writing, like in other areas of the text.
Ben's Exodus Chapter 21 comment about verse 17 on 4/02/2015, 7:11pm...
I believe in God. Unfortunately,our society has become extremely corrupted! The teenagers do not respect themselves, much less their elders... Our world definitely needs the help of God. He is the only power that can save our lives.
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