“That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:”
King James Version (KJV)
1:10 That in the dispensation of the fullness of the times - In this last administration of God's fullest grace, which took place when the time appointed was fully come. He might gather together into one in Christ - Might recapitulate, re - unite, and place in order again under Christ, their common Head. All things which are in heaven, and on earth - All angels and men, whether living or dead, in the Lord.
Eph 1:10 That. He now states the mystery which God had revealed. In the dispensation of the fulness of times. In the last dispensation which came in the fullness of time; when the times were full, or ripe. "Fullness of time" is often applied to the period of Christ's coming. See Ga 4:4 Heb 1:2 9:10 1Pe 1:20. He might gather together in one all things in Christ. That the scattered families and tribes of men, both Jews and Gentiles, should all be gathered and united under one head, Christ. Nay, not only men, but angels, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth, all should be united under Christ as head, so that he should be "all and in all" (Col 3:11). See Re 5:13. Compare Mt 28:18 and many other passages which are parallel in thought.