SEARCH THE BIBLE

FIND A BIBLE VERSE

Chapter:
Verse:
 
 

 
<< Previous

Deuteronomy Chapter 20

Next >>

Viewing the Standard King James Version. Switch to the 1611 KJV Deuteronomy Chapter 20 or view a Deuteronomy 20 parallel comparison.


1 When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the LORD thy God is with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

2 And it shall be, when ye are come nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,

3 And shall say unto them, Hear, O Israel, ye approach this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your hearts faint, fear not, and do not tremble, neither be ye terrified because of them;

4 For the LORD your God is he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.

5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.

6 And what man is he that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not yet eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.

7 And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.

8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man is there that is fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart faint as well as his heart.

9 And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people.

10 When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it.

11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.

12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:

13 And when the LORD thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:

14 But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.

15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.

16 But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth:

17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:

18 That they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye sin against the LORD your God.

19 When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man's life) to employ them in the siege:

20 Only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat, thou shalt destroy and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it be subdued.

 


<< Deuteronomy Chapter 19

Share Deuteronomy Chapter 20:

Facebook icon   Twitter icon   google icon
 

 



Deuteronomy Chapter 20 Bible commentary...



Exhortation and proclamation respecting those who went to war. (1-9) Peace to be offered, What cities were to be devoted. (10-20)1-9 In the wars wherein Israel engaged according to the will of God, they might expect the Divine assistance. The Lord was to be their only confidence. In these respects they were types of the Christian's warfare. Those unwilling to fight, must be sent away. The unwillingness might arise from a man's outward condition. God would not be served by men forced against their will. Thy people shall be willing, #Ps 110:3|. In running the Christian race, and fighting the good fight of faith, we must lay aside all that would make us unwilling. If a man's unwillingness rose from weakness and fear, he had leave to return from the war. The reason here given is, lest his brethren's heart fail as well as his heart. We must take heed that we fear not with the fear of them that are afraid, #Isa 8:12|.

10-12 The Israelites are here directed about the nations on whom they made war. Let this show God's grace in dealing with sinners. He proclaims peace, and beseeches them to be reconciled. Let it also show us our duty in dealing with our brethren. Whoever are for war, we must be for peace. Of the cities given to Israel, none of their inhabitants must be left. Since it could not be expected that they should be cured of their idolatry, they would hurt Israel. These regulations are not the rules of our conduct, but Christ's law of love. The horrors of war must fill the feeling heart with anguish upon every recollection; and are proofs of the wickedness of man, the power of Satan, and the just vengeance of God, who thus scourges a guilty world. But how dreadful their case who are engaged in unequal conflict with their Maker, who will not submit to render him the easy tribute of worship and praise! Certain ruin awaits them. Let neither the number nor the power of the enemies of our souls dismay us; nor let even our own weakness cause us to tremble or to faint. The Lord will save us; but in this war let none engage whose hearts are fond of the world, or afraid of the cross and the conflict. Care is here taken that in besieging cities the fruit-trees should not be destroyed. God is a better friend to man than he is to himself; and God's law consults our interests and comforts; while our own appetites and passions, which we indulge, are enemies to our welfare. Many of the Divine precepts restrain us from destroying that which is for our life and food. The Jews understand this as forbidding all wilful waste upon any account whatsoever. Every creature of God is good; as nothing is to be refused, so nothing is to be abused. We may live to want what we carelessly waste.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

 


Recent Comments for Deuteronomy Chapter 20...

 


Sfiso Ndlovu's Deuteronomy Chapter 20 comment on 9/11/2014, 9:11am...

my feeling is that God demonstrate a great deal of power and authority over enemies of His people. He reduces the warriors by accommodating all excuses that people will ordinary put forward as destructing them in their course of duty. he wants nothing but the best and free hearted of warriors. This apply to us in the sense that if we are chosen by Him, He will be by our side in the wake of the great attack by enemy. He never panics and weights the number warriors against the enemy but free spirited hearts against the enemy. In short if He is in charge I must let go completely of my worries.

 


Margaret's Deuteronomy Chapter 20 comment on 4/19/2014, 7:41pm...

God is truly our only source.

 


Pam's Deuteronomy Chapter 20 comment on 4/08/2014, 10:56am...

Charlie Frank. I think we need to consider this in terms of the Israelis only as they are directed to secure the promise land. these directives help us too , figuratively speaking as we battle for our own promise land . further more, God has instructed his people on the way to treat slaves, strangers , and members of households.

 


View All Comments for Deuteronomy Chapter 20...

 

What Do You Think of Deuteronomy 20?

Share your own thoughts or commentary here...

Name*


Email* (Will remain hidden & anonymous)


Comment*

Notify me if someone responds on this discussion/thread


 

Test Your Knowledge of Deuteronomy Chapter 20

1.  Before approaching battle, the officers were to speak to the Israelite army. What did they tell the men who had betrothed a wife?


Return home
Be brave
Break off the betrothal
Fight


 



<< Deuteronomy Chapter 19