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Daniel Chapter 1

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Daniel Chapter 1: Daniel among the Exiles
Daniel among the Exiles
Daniel 1

1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it.

2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.

3 And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes;

4 Children in whom was no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans.

5 And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king.

6 Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:

7 Unto whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave unto Daniel the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abednego.

8 But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

9 Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs.

10 And the prince of the eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath appointed your meat and your drink: for why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which are of your sort? then shall ye make me endanger my head to the king.

11 Then said Daniel to Melzar, whom the prince of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah,

12 Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, ten days; and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink.

13 Then let our countenances be looked upon before thee, and the countenance of the children that eat of the portion of the king's meat: and as thou seest, deal with thy servants.

14 So he consented to them in this matter, and proved them ten days.

15 And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer and fatter in flesh than all the children which did eat the portion of the king's meat.

16 Thus Melzar took away the portion of their meat, and the wine that they should drink; and gave them pulse.

17 As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom: and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.

18 Now at the end of the days that the king had said he should bring them in, then the prince of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar.

19 And the king communed with them; and among them all was found none like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: therefore stood they before the king.

20 And in all matters of wisdom and understanding, that the king enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and astrologers that were in all his realm.

21 And Daniel continued even unto the first year of king Cyrus.

 


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Daniel Chapter 1 Bible commentary...



Daniel was of noble birth, if not one of the royal family of Judah. He was carried captive to Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiachin, B. C. 606, when a youth. He was there taught the learning of the Chaldeans, and held high offices, both under the Babylonian and Persian empires. He was persecuted for his religion, but was miraculously delivered; and lived to a great age, as he must have been about ninety-four years old at the time of the last of his visions. The book of Daniel is partly historical, relating various circumstances which befel himself and the Jews, at Babylon; but is chiefly prophetical, detailing visions and prophecies which foretell numerous important events relative to the four great empires of the world, the coming and death of the Messiah, the restoration of the Jews, and the conversion of the Gentiles. Though there are considerable difficulties in explaining the prophetical meaning of some passages in this book, we always find encouragement to faith and hope, examples worthy of imitation, and something to direct our thoughts to Christ Jesus upon the cross and on his glorious throne.The captivity of Daniel and his companions. (1-7) Their refusal to eat the king's meat. (8-16) Their improvement in wisdom. (17-21)1-7 Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, took Jerusalem, and carried whom and what he pleased away. From this first captivity, most think the seventy years are to be dated. It is the interest of princes to employ wise men; and it is their wisdom to find out and train up such. Nebuchadnezzar ordered that these chosen youths should be taught. All their Hebrew names had something of God in them; but to make them forget the God of their fathers, the Guide of their youth, the heathen gave them names that savoured of idolatry. It is painful to reflect how often public education tends to corrupt the principles and morals.

8-16 The interest we think we make for ourselves, we must acknowledge to be God's gift. Daniel was still firm to his religion. Whatever they called him, he still held fast the spirit of an Israelite. These youths scrupled concerning the meat, lest it should be sinful. When God's people are in Babylon they need take special care that they partake not of her sins. It is much to the praise of young people, not to covet or seek the delights of sense. Those who would excel in wisdom and piety, must learn betimes to keep the body under. Daniel avoided defiling himself with sin; and we should more fear that than any outward trouble. It is easier to keep temptation at a distance, than to resist it when near. And we cannot better improve our interest in any with whom we have found favour, than to use it to keep us from sin. People will not believe the benefit of avoiding excess, and of a spare diet, nor how much they contribute to the health of the body, unless they try. Conscientious temperance will always do more, even for the comfort of this life, than sinful indulgence.

17-21 Daniel and his fellows kept to their religion; and God rewarded them with eminence in learning. Pious young persons should endeavour to do better than their fellows in useful things; not for the praise of man, but for the honour of the gospel, and that they may be qualified for usefulness. And it is well for a country, and for the honour of a prince, when he is able to judge who are best fitted to serve him, and prefers them on that account. Let young men steadily attend to this chapter; and let all remember that God will honour those who honour him, but those who despise him shall be lightly esteemed.

Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710.

 


Recent Comments for Daniel Chapter 1...

 


DaRon's Daniel Chapter 1 comment on 11/19/2014, 10:47am...

A brother in Christ referred the book of Daniel in a conversation among other things but I will share with my famy. It 's seems to be a great book to share with saints and nonbelievers to realize one of Gods many promises that God keeps through of trust and faith he shall keeps. God never change nor does he ever abandon us.

 


Insight 777's Daniel Chapter 1 comment on 11/14/2014, 6:55pm...

It is important to understand the role of Eunuchs in history. Eunuchs were often close to the royal families as advisors even as military advisors. When young men were defeated in war and chosen to be taken to the court of the King as advisors, first they were castrated. This helped assure the king that no matter how smart they were, they could not overthrow the king and set up a dynasty of their own. Also it was a symbol of complete submission to the king. Daniel was chosen for his intelligence, the king wanted to know everything about his defeated enemy. He also wanted to know scientific secrets. The kings meat and wine are the kings laws and beliefs. The law was in place that all slaves that were to be accepted into the kings court must be made a eunuch. That is the reason why an eunuch was placed over Daniel and his friends to instruct them of the kings law and to carry out that law. Daniel was blessed by God and was able to convince the master Eunuch and the King that he could be a servant of the king without this punishment. It seems that the fact that Daniel followed religious laws and not carnal laws of government put the king at ease that Daniel would never try to take over his government or harm him. Therefore the flesh of Daniel and his friends was fatter, meaning no flesh was missing, than the other slaves that had been taken to the kings court.

 


Insight 777's Daniel Chapter 1 comment on 11/14/2014, 1:24pm...

The history of Eunuchs in this time frame is interesting. When young men were defeated in war and chosen to be taken to the court of the king as advisors first they were castrated. This helped assure the king that no matter how smart they were, they could not overthrow the king and set up a dynasty of their own. Daniel was chosen for his intelligence, the king wanted to know all that Daniel knew. The kings meat and wine are his laws and beliefs. The law in place was that Daniel should be made an eunuch. That is why a eunuch was placed to instruct him, to carry out the law. Daniel was blessed by God and was able to convince the king that he could be a servant of the king without this punishment. Therefore his flesh was fatter, meaning no flesh was missing, than other servants of his kind.

 


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Test Your Knowledge of Daniel Chapter 1

1.  What did Daniel and his three friends drink instead of the king's wine?


Milk
Honey
Water
Juice