Amos Chapter 4 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 He reproueth Israel, for oppression. 4 for idolatry, 6 and for their incorrigiblenesse.
7 And also I haue withholden the raine from you, when there were yet three moneths to the haruest, and I caused it to raine vpon one citie, and caused it not to raine vpon an other city: one piece was rained vpon, & the piece wherupon it rained not, withered.
9 I haue smitten you with blasting and mildew; when your gardens and your vineyards, and your fig trees, and your oliue trees increased, the palmer worme deuoured them: yet haue yee not returned vnto me, saith the Lord.9
10 I haue sent among you the pestilence, after the maner of Egypt: your yongmen haue I slain with the sword, and haue taken away your horses, & I haue made the stinke of your campes to come vp vnto your nostrils, yet haue ye not returned vnto me, saith the Lord.10
13 For loe, he that formeth the mountaines, and createth the wind, and declareth vnto man, what is his thought, that maketh the morning darkenesse, and treadeth vpon the high places of the earth: the Lord, the God of hostes is his Name.13
View Wesley's Notes for Amos Chapter 4
4:1 Kine of Bashan - So Amos compares the mighty, wanton, and oppressive rulers of Israel, to those full - fed, strong, and wanton beasts which in the herds did push at, hurt, and disturb the weaker cattle.
4:2 By his holiness - By himself as he is the holy God. The days - Of famine, desolation and captivity. He - God by the Assyrian army will take you, as fish are taken with the hook. Your posterity - The children of these oppressors.
4:3 Ye - Kine of Bashan. Go out - Ye shall endeavour to make your escape. The breaches - Which the besieging enemy make in your walls, when Samaria is besieged. Before her - Taking the readiest way. The things - All the riches and ornaments of your palaces.
4:4 Come to Beth - el - A strong irony, giving them over as incorrigible. At Gilgal - Gilgal was a place where much idolatry was acted. Every morning - In the same irony God reproves their sins tho' they imitated the instituted worship at Jerusalem. Three years - God had #Deut 14:28|, commanded every third year that all the tithe of that year should be brought, and laid up in a publick store - house.
4:5 With leaven - As all the rest of your will - worship, so this also is against the express law, #Lev 2:11|. However, do so at your peril, try whether it will end in good. Proclaim - Publickly persuaded your people to voluntary sacrifices.
4:6 An I - The Lord who gave many blessings to win you to repentance, hath also tried what might be done by judgments. Cleanness of teeth - This is a description of famine.
4:7 When - At a season when your country most needed it. Upon one city - That you might see my hand in it, I gave rain to one city, and withheld it from the next; nay one part of the same field was watered and flourished: another part, dry and withered.
4:8 Not satisfied - Either that had not enough for them, or durst not part with it.
4:9 Increased - When they were most fruitful. Devoured - Eat up all, as is the manner of them.
4:10 Your horses - The riders being killed. The stink - So great slaughter hath been made in your camp that there were not sufficient to bury the slain.
4:11 Overthrew - By grievous and desolating judgments. As a fire - brand - Such of you as escaped were yet as fire - brands in the midst of the fire, 'till infinite mercy saved a remnant.
4:12 Therefore - In a more terrible manner will I now proceed against thee.
4:13 Declareth - Knows the thoughts of all men. The God of hosts - Whose sovereign power all creatures obey, and acts for or against us as he willeth. Let us humble ourselves before this God, and give all diligence to make him our God. For happy are the people whose God he is, and who have all this power engaged for them.
Amos Chapter 4 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
3 Or, yee shall cast away the things of the palace.
4 Heb. three yeeres of dayes.
5 Heb. offer by burning. , Heb. so yee loue.
9 Or, the multitude of your gardens &c: did the palmer worme &c.
10 Or, in the way. , Heb. with the captiuitie of your horses.
11 Gen.19. 24.
13 Or, spirit.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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