1 Kings Chapter 8 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 The feast of the dedication of the Temple. 12. and 54. Solomons blessing. 22 Solomons prayer. 62 His sacrifice of peace offrings.
1 Then Solomon assembled the Elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chiefe of the fathers of the children of Israel, vnto king Solomon in Ierusalem, that they might bring vp the Arke of the Couenant of the Lord, out of the citie of Dauid, which is Zion.1
16 Since the day that I brought foorth my people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no citie out of all the tribes of Israel to build an house that my Name might be therein; but I chose Dauid to be ouer my people Israel.16
20 And the Lord hath perfourmed his word that he spake, and I am risen vp in the roume of Dauid my father, and sit on the throne of Israel, as the Lord promised, and haue built an House for the Name of the Lord God of Israel.
25 Therefore now Lord God of Israel, keepe with thy seruant Dauid my father, that thou promisedst him, saying; There shall not faile thee a man in my sight to sit on the Throne of Israel; so that thy children take heede to their way, that they walke before me as thou hast walked before me:25
29 That thine eyes may be open toward this house, night and day, euen toward the place of which thou hast said, My Name shall be there: that thou mayest hearken vnto the prayer which thy seruant shall make towards this place.29
30 And hearken thou to the supplication of thy seruant, and of thy people Israel, when they shall pray towards this place: and heare thou in heauen thy dwelling place, and when thou hearest, forgiue.30
33 ¶ When thy people Israel bee smitten downe before the enemie, because they haue sinned against thee, and shall turne againe to thee, and confesse thy Name, and pray, and make supplication vnto thee in this house:33
35 ¶ When heauen is shut vp, and there is no raine, because they haue sinned against thee: if they pray towards this place, and confesse thy Name, and turne from their sinne, when thou afflictest them:
36 Then heare thou in heauen, and forgiue the sinne of thy seruants, and of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the good way wherein they should walke, and giue raine vpon thy land which thou hast giuen to thy people for an inheritance.
37 ¶ If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, blasting, mildew, locust, or if there be caterpiller: if their enemy besiege them in the land of their cities, whatsoeuer plague, whatsoeuer sicknes there be;37
39 Then heare thou in heauen thy dwelling place, and forgiue, and do, and giue to euery man according to his wayes, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, euen thou onely knowest the hearts of all the children of men,)
43 Heare thou in heauen thy dwelling place, and doe according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for: that all people of the earth may know thy Name, to feare thee, as doe thy people Israel, and that they may know that this house which I haue builded, is called by thy Name.43
44 ¶ If thy people goe out to battell against their enemie, whithersoeuer thou shalt send them, and shall pray vnto the Lord toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house that I haue built for thy Name:44
46 If they sinne against thee, ( for there is no man that sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliuer them to the enemy, so that they cary them away captiues, vnto the land of the enemy, farre or neere;46
47 Yet if they shall bethinke themselues, in the land whither they were caried captiues, and repent, and make supplication vnto thee in the land of them that caried them captiues, saying, Wee haue sinned, and haue done peruersly, we haue committed wickednes;47
48 And so returne vnto thee with all their heart, and with all their soule, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captiue, and pray vnto thee toward their land, which thou gauest vnto their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I haue built for thy Name:
50 And forgiue thy people that haue sinned against thee, and all their transgressions, wherein they haue transgressed against thee, and giue them compassion before them who caried them captiue, that they may haue compassion on them:
53 For thou didst separate them from among all the people of the earth, to be thine inheritance, as thou spakest by the hand of Moses thy seruant, when thou broughtest our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord God.53
54 And it was so, that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication vnto the Lord, he arose from before the Altar of the Lord, from kneeling on his knees, with his handes spread vp to heauen.
56 Blessed be the Lord, that hath giuen rest vnto his people Israel, according to all that he promised: there hath not failed one word of all his good promise, which he promised by the hand of Moses his seruant.56
59 And let these my wordes wherewith I haue made supplication before the Lord, be nigh vnto the Lord our God, day and night, that hee maintaine the cause of his seruant, and the cause of his people Israel at all times, as the matter shall require:59
63 And Solomon offered a sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered vnto the Lord, two and twentie thousand oxen, and an hundred and twentie thousand sheepe: so the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of the Lord.
64 The same day did the king hallow the middle of the Court that was before the house of the Lord: for there hee offered burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings: because the brasen Altar that was before the Lord, was too little to receiue the burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings.64
65 And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great Congregation, from the entring in of Hamath, vnto the riuer of Egypt, before the Lord our God, seuen dayes and seuen dayes, euen fourteene dayes.
66 On the eight day he sent the people away: and they blessed the King, and went vnto their tents ioyfull, and glad of heart, for all the goodnesse that the Lord had done for Dauid his seruant, and for Israel his people.66
View Wesley's Notes for 1 Kings Chapter 8
8:1 Elders - The senators, and judges, and rulers. Heads - For eachtribe had a peculiar governor. Chief - The chief persons of every greatfamily in each tribe. Jerusalem - Where the temple was built. Bringthe ark - To the top of Moriah, upon which it was built; whither theywere now to carry the ark in solemn pomp. City of David - Where Davidhad placed the ark, which is called Zion, because it was built upon thathill.
8:2 All Israel - Not only the chief men, but a vast number of thecommon people. The feast - The feast of the dedication, to whichSolomon had invited them. Seventh month - Which time he chose withrespect to his peoples convenience, because now they had gathered in alltheir fruits, and were come up to Jerusalem, to celebrate the feast oftabernacles. But the temple was not finished till the eighth month,chap.#6:38|, how then could he invite them in the seventh month? Thiswas the seventh month of the next year. For although the house in allits parts was finished the year before, yet the utensils of it were notthen fully finished: and many preparations were to be made for this greatand extraordinary occasion.
8:3 The priests - For although the Levites might do this,#Numb 4:15|, yet the priests did it at this time, for the greaterhonour of the solemnity; and because the Levites might not enter intothe holy - place, much less into the holy of holies, where it was to beplaced, into which the priests themselves might not have entered, if thehigh - priest alone could have done it.
8:4 The tabernacle - That made by Moses, which doubtless beforethis time had been translated from Gibeon to Zion, and now togetherwith other things, was put into the treasuries of the Lord's house, toprevent all superstitious use of it, and to oblige the people to come upto Jerusalem, as the only place where God would now be worshipped.
8:5 Sacrificing - When the ark was seated in its place: for althoughthey might in the way offer some sacrifices, as David did; yet that wasnot a proper season to offer so many sacrifices as could not be numbered.This is more particularly related below, ver.#62|,63,64, which is heresignified by way of anticipation.
8:6 Cherubim - Of Solomon's new made cherubim, not of theMosaic cherubim, which were far less, and unmovably fixed to the ark,#Exod 37:7|,8, and therefore together with the ark, were put underthe wings of these cherubim.
8:8 Drew out - Not wholly, which was expressly forbidden,#Exod 25:15|, Numb 4:6, but in part.Seen out - In the most holy place, which is oft called by way of eminency,the holy place, and the Hebrew words rendered before the oracle,may be as well rendered, within the oracle. And these staves were leftin this posture, that the high - priest might hereby be certainly guided tothat very place where he, was one day in a year to sprinkle blood, and tooffer incense before the ark, which otherwise he might mistake in thatdark place, where the ark was wholly covered with the wings of the greatcherubim, which stood between him and the ark when he entered in.
8:9 Nothing - Strictly and properly: but in a more large sense,the pot of manna, and Aaron's rod were also in it, #Heb 9:4|,that is, by it, in the most holy place, before the ark of thetestimony, where God commanded Moses to put them.
8:10 The cloud - The usual token of God's glorious presence.Filled - In testimony of his gracious acceptance of this work, and theirservice; and to beget an awe and reverence in them, and in all others,when they approach to God.
8:12 Then spake - Perceiving both priests and people struck withwonder at this darkness, he minds them, that this was no sign of God'sdisfavour, as some might possibly imagine; but a token of his approbation,and special presence among them. Said - He hath declared, that he wouldmanifest his presence with, and dwelling among his people, by a dark cloud,in which he would appear.
8:14 Turned - From the temple to the body of the congregation.Stood - In token of reverence, and of their readiness to receive theblessing.
8:16 Since, &c. - Until David's time; for then he did chuseJerusalem. That my name - That my presence, and grace, and worship,and glory, might be there. Chose David - And in and with him the tribeof Judah, of which he was, and Jerusalem where he dwelt.
8:21 The covenant - The tables of the covenant, wherein the conditionsof God's covenant with Israel are written.
8:22 Stood - Upon a scaffold set up for him in the court of thepeople, #2Chron 6:13|.
8:24 Hast kept - That branch of thy promise concerning the buildingof this house by David's son.
8:25 Keep - Make good the other branch of thy promise.
8:27 But will - Is it possible that the great, and high, and loftyGod should stoop so low, as to take up his dwelling amongst men?The heaven - All this vast space of the visible heaven.And heaven, &c. - The third and highest, and therefore the largest heaven,called the heaven of heavens for its eminency and comprehensiveness.Contain - For thy essence reacheth far beyond them, being omnipresent.Much less - This house therefore was not built as if it wereproportionable to thy greatness, or could contain thee, but only thattherein we might serve and glorify thee.
8:28 Yet - Tho' thou art not comprehended within this place, yet shewthyself to be graciously present here, by accepting and granting my presentrequests here tendered unto thee.
8:29 Open - To behold with an eye of favour. My name - My presence,and glory and grace. This place - This temple, to which Solomon didnow look, and towards which, the godly Israelites directed their looksin their prayers.
8:30 In heaven - Which he adds to direct them in their addresses toGod in this temple, to lift up their eyes above it, even to heaven, whereGod's most true, and most glorious dwelling - place is. Forgive - The sinsof thy people, praying, and even of their prayers; which, if not pardoned,will certainly hinder the success of all their prayers, and the course ofall thy blessings.
8:31 Trespass - If he be accused of a trespass.Laid on him - Either by the judge, or by the party accusing him, or bythe accused person himself: which was usual, when there were no witnesses.Thine altar - For here God, who was appealed to as witness, was especiallypresent. Hence the Heathens used to swear at their altars.
8:32 His way - The just recompence of his wicked action.Give him, &c. - To vindicate him, and manifest his integrity.
8:33 Confess - Give glory to thy name, by acknowledging their sins,and by justice; and by accepting the punishment of their iniquity; and bytrusting to thy power and goodness alone, for their deliverance.
8:35 Heaven - The lower heaven in which the clouds are.Shut up - Heaven is compared to a great store - house in God's keeping,out of which nothing can be had, so long as it is close shut up.
8:36 Good way - The way, of their duty, which is good in itself; andboth delightful and profitable, to those that walk in it. Give rain - Theorder of Solomon's prayer is very observable; first and chiefly, heprays for their repentance and forgiveness, which is the chief blessing,and the only solid foundation of all other mercies: and then he prays fortemporal mercies; thereby teaching us what to desire principally in ourprayers; which also Christ hath taught us in his perfect prayer; whereinthere is but one petition for outward, and all the rest are for spiritualblessings.
8:38 The plague - His sin, which may be called the plague of hisheart, in opposition to the other plagues here mentioned; so the senseis, who, by their afflictions are brought to a true and serious sense oftheir worse and inward plague of their sins, which are most fitly calledthe plague of the heart, because that is both the principal seat of sin,and the fountain from whence all actual sins flow.
8:39 Thou knowest - Not only the plagues of their hearts, theirseveral wants and burdens, (these he knows! but he will know them from us,)but the desire and intent of the heart, the sincerity or hypocrisy of it.
8:41 A stranger - A proselyte. But cometh - That he may worship,and glorify thy name.
8:43 Calleth for - Agreeable to thy will and word. It is observable,that his prayer for the strangers is more large, and comprehensive, than forthe Israelites; that thereby he might both shew his public - spiritedness,and encourage strangers to the worship of the true God. Thus early were theindications of God's favour, toward the sinners of the Gentiles.As there was then one law for the native and for the stranger, so therewas one gospel for both.
8:44 To battle - In a just cause, and by thy warrant or commission.Shall pray - Whereby he instructs them, that they should not trust, eitherto the strength or justice of their arms, but only to God's help andblessing. Chosen - For thy dwelling - place, and the seat of thy temple.Towards the house - For to it they were to turn their faces in prayer; toprofess themselves worshippers of the true God, in opposition to idols; andto strengthen their faith in God's promises and covenant, the tables whereofwere contained in that house. Soldiers in the field must not think itenough that others pray for them: they must pray for themselves. And theyare here encouraged to expect a gracious answer. Praying should always goalong with fighting.
8:48 And return - Sincerely, universally, and steadfastly.
8:49 Their course - Heb. their right, against their invaders andoppressors. For they had forfeited all their rights to God only, but not totheir enemies; whom tho' God used as scourges to chastise his peoples sins,yet they had no pretence of right to their land.
8:55 He stood - He spoke this standing, that he might be the betterheard, and because he blessed as one having authority. Never were wordsmore pertinently spoken: never was a congregation dismissed, with thatwhich was more likely to affect them, and to abide with them.
8:56 Blessed, &c. - This discharge he gives in the name of allIsrael, to the everlasting honour of the Divine faithfulness, and theeverlasting encouragement of all those that build upon the Divine promises.
8:58 Incline - That he may not only bless us with outward prosperity,but especially, with spiritual blessings: and that as he hath given us hisword to teach and direct us, so he would by his holy Spirit, effectuallyincline us to obey it.
8:61 Perfect - Let your obedience be universal, without dividing;upright, without dissembling; and constant, without declining.
8:63 Offered - Not all in one day, but in the seven, or it may be inthe fourteen days, mentioned ver.#65|.
8:64 Middle of the court - Of the priests court, in which the greataltar was. This he consecrated as he did the great altar, by sacrifices;but with this difference, that he consecrated that for perpetual use: butthis only for the present occasion, being warranted to do so both by thenecessity of it for God's service, and for the present solemn work, forwhich the brazen altar was not sufficient; and by the direction of God'sspirit, wherewith Solomon was endowed, as being a prophet, as well as aking. Here therefore he suddenly reared up divers altars, which, afterthis solemnity were demolished.
8:65 Seven - Seven for the dedication of the temple, or altar; and theother seven for the feast of tabernacles. And it seems to be expressed inthis manner, to intimate, that these fourteen days of rejoicing, were notaltogether, but that there was some interval between them, which indeed wasnecessary, because the day of atonement was on the tenth day of this month,#Lev 23:27|. And because these fourteen days ended on the twenty - secondday, #2Chron 7:10|, it may seem most probable, that the feast of thededication was kept before the tenth day: and the feast of tabernacles somedays after it.
8:66 He sent - Solomon having joined with the people in the solemnassembly, which was kept on the eighth day; in the close of that day tookhis solemn farewell, and dismissed them with his blessing; and the nextmorning when the heads and elders with divers of the people came to taketheir leave of the king, he sent them away.
1 Kings Chapter 8 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
1 2.Chron. 5.2. , Hebr. Princes.
8 Heb. heads. , Or, Arke, as 2. Chron. 5.9.
9 Deut.10. 5. , Or, where.
10 Exod.40. 34.
12 2.Chro 6. 1.
16 2.Sam. 7. 8.
22 2.Chron. 6.13.
23 2.Macc. 2.8.
25 Chap.2.4. 2.Sam. 7. 12. , Heb. there shall not be cut off vnto thee a man from my sight. , Heb. onely if.
29 Deut. 12. 11. , Or, in this place.
30 Or, in this place.
31 Heb. and he require an oath of him.
33 Or, towards.
37 Or, iurisdiction.
43 Hebr. thy Name is called vpon this house.
44 Hebr. the way of the citie.
45 Or, right.
46 2.Chron. 6.36. eccles. 7.22. 1.iohn 1.8, 10.
47 Heb. bring backe to their heart.
49 Or, right.
53 Exod.19. 6.
56 Heb. fallen.
59 Heb. the thing of a day in his day.
62 2.Chron. 7.4.
64 2.Chron. 7.7.
66 Or, thanked.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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