1 Kings Chapter 1 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 Abishag cherisheth Dauid in his extreame age. 5 Adonijah, Dauids dearling, vsurpeth the kingdome. 11 By the counsel of Nathan, 15 Bath-sheba moueth the king, 22 and Nathan secondeth her. 28 Dauid reneweth his oath to Bath-sheba. 32 Salomon by Dauids appointment, beeing annointed King by Zadok and Nathan, the people triumph. 41 Ionathan, bringing these newes, Adoniiahs guests flie. 50 Adonijah flying to the hornes of the Altar, vpon his good behauiour is dismissed by Solomon.
2 Wherefore his seruants said vnto him, Let there be sought for my lord the king a yong virgin, and let her stand before the King, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in thy bosome, that my lord the King may get heate.2
13 Goe, and get thee in vnto King Dauid, and say vnto him, Diddest not thou, my lord, O king, sweare vnto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy sonne shall reigne after mee, and he shall sit vpon my throne? why then doth Adoniiah reigne?
19 And he hath slaine oxen, and fat cattell, and sheepe in abundance, and hath called all the sonnes of the king, and Abiathar the Priest, and Ioab the captaine of the hoste: but Solomon thy seruant hath he not called.
25 For hee is gone downe this day, and hath slaine oxen, and fat cattel, and sheepe in abundance, and hath called all the kings sonnes, and the captaines of the host, and Abiathar the Priest: and behold, they eate and drinke before him, and say, God saue king Adoniiah.25
38 So Zadok the Priest, and Nathan the Prophet, and Benaiah the sonne of Iehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites went downe, and caused Solomon to ride vpon King Dauids mule, and brought him to Gihon.
41 ¶ And Adoniiah and all the ghests that were with him, heard it as they had made an end of eating: and when Ioab heard the sound of the trumpet, hee said, Wherefore is this noise of the citie, being in an vproare?
44 And the king hath sent with him Zadok the Priest, and Nathan the Prophet, and Benaiah the sonne of Iehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and they haue caused him to ride vpon the kings mule.
47 And moreouer, the kings seruants came to blesse our lorde king Dauid, saying, God make the name of Solomon better then thy name, and make his throne greater then thy throne. And the king bowed himselfe vpon the bed.
51 And it was tolde Solomon, saying, Behold, Adoniiah feareth King Solomon: for loe, he hath caught hold on the hornes of the Altar, saying, Let King Solomon sweare vnto mee to day, that hee will not slay his seruant with the sword.
View Wesley's Notes for 1 Kings Chapter 1
1:1 Old - Being in the end of his seventieth year. No heat - Whichis not strange in a person who had been exercised with so many hardships inwar, and with such tormenting cares, and fears, and sorrows, for his own sins(as divers of his Psalms witness) and for the sins and miseries of hischildren and people. Besides, this might be from the nature of his bodilydistemper.
1:2 Servants - His physicians. Virgin - Whose natural heat is freshand wholesome, and not impaired with bearing or breeding of children.The same counsel doth Galen give for the cure of some cold and drydistempers. Stand - That is, minister unto him, or wait upon him, in hissickness, as occasion requires. Lie in his bosom - As his wife: for thatshe was so, may appear by divers arguments. First, otherwise this had beena wicked course; which therefore neither his servants durst have prescribed,nor would David have used, especially being now in a dying condition.Secondly, it appears from this phrase of lying in his bosom, which iseverywhere in scripture mentioned as the privilege of a wife. Thirdly,this made Adonijah's crime in desiring her to wife, so heinous inSolomon's account, because he saw, that by marrying the king's wife hedesigned to revive his pretence to the kingdom.
1:4 Knew her not - Which is mentioned to note the continuance andprogress of the king's malady.
1:5 Then - Upon notice of the desperateness of the king's disease, andthe approach of his death. Exalted - Entertained high thoughts anddesigns. I will - As the right of the kingdom is mine, ver.#6|, so Iwill now take possession of it. Prepared - As Absalom had done uponthe like occasion, #2Sam 15:1|.
1:6 Displeased him - This is noted as David's great error, and theoccasion of Adonijah's presumption. Saying - He neither restrainedhim from, nor reproved him for his miscarriages: which David well knewwas a great sin. Goodly man - This was a second ground of his confidence,because his great comeliness made him amiable in the peoples eyes.
1:7 They helped - Either because they thought the right of the crownwas his: or to secure and advance their own interest. It seems God leftthem to themselves, to correct them for former miscarriages, with a rod oftheir own making.
1:10 Called not - Because he knew they favoured Solomon hiscompetitor.
1:11 Nathan spake - Being prompted to it both by his piety infulfilling the will of God declared to him, concerning Solomon'ssuccession, #2Sam 7:13|, and by his prudence, knowing thatAdonijah hated him for being the principal instrument of Solomon'sadvancement. Bathsheba - Who being retired and private in her apartment,was ignorant of what was done abroad: and, who was likely to be mostzealous in the cause, and most prevalent with David.
1:26 But me - Whom he knew to be acquainted with thy mind, and withthe mind of God in this matter: and therefore his neglect of me hereingives me cause to suspect that this is done without thy privity.
1:27 Shewed thy servant - Who, having been an instrument in deliveringGod's message to thee concerning thy successor, might reasonably expect thatif the king had changed his mind, thou wouldest have acquainted me with it,as being both a prophet os the Lord, and one whom thou hast always foundfaithful to thee.
1:28 Call Bathsheba - Who, upon Nathan's approach to the king hadmodestly withdrawn.
1:29 Out of all distress - The words contain a gratefulacknowledgement of the goodness of God to him, in bringing him safe throughthe many difficulties, which had lain in his way, and which he now mentionsto the glory of God, (as Jacob when he lay a dying) thus setting to hisseal, from his own experience that the Lord redeemeth the souls of hisservants.
1:31 Live for ever - Though I desire thy oath may be kept, and theright of succession confirmed to my son, yet I am far from thirsting afterthy death, and would rather rejoice, if it were possible for thee to liveand enjoy the crown for ever.
1:33 My mule - As a token that the royal dignity is transferred uponSolomon, and that by my consent. Gihon - A river near Jerusalem,on the west side. Adonijah was inaugurated on the east side. Thisplace David chose, either, as remote from Adonijah and his company,that so the people might be there without fear of tumults or bloodshed; or,to shew that Solomon was chosen king in opposition to Adonijah: or,because this was a place of great resort, and fit to receive and displaythat numerous company, which he knew would follow Solomon thither.
1:34 Anoint - As they used to do where there was any thing new orextraordinary in the succession. And this unction signified both thedesignation of the persons to the office, and the gifts and graces whichwere necessary for their office, and which, they, seeking them sincerelyfrom God, might expect to receive.
1:35 My stead - My deputy and vice - king whilst I live, and absolutelyking when I die. And Judah - This is added, lest the men of Judah,who were in a special manner invited by Adonijah, ver.#9|, mightthink themselves exempted from his jurisdiction.
1:47 Bowed himself - Adoring God for this great mercy, and therebydeclaring his hearty consent to this action.
1:48 Blessed, &c. - It is a great satisfaction to good men, when theyare going out of the world, to see their children rising up in their stead,to serve God and their generation: and especially to see peace uponIsrael, and the establishment of it.
1:51 His servants - He owns Solomon as his king, and himself ashis servant and subject; and being sensible of his guilt, and of thejealousy which kings have of their competitors, could not be satisfiedwithout Solomon's oath.
1:53 Go to thine house - Lead a private life, without noise andnumerous attendants, and meddle not with the affairs of the kingdom.
1 Kings Chapter 1 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
1 Hebr. entred into dayes.
2 Heb. let them seeke. , Hebr. a damsell, a virgine. , Heb. be a cherisher vnto him.
5 Heb. reigne
6 Heb. from his dayes.
7 Heb. his words were with Ioab. , Heb. helped after Adonijah.
9 Or, the well Rogel.
11 2.Sam 3.4.
14 Heb. fill vp.
16 Heb. what to thee?
21 Hebr. sinners.
25 Hebr, Let king Adoniiah liue.
28 Hebr. before the king.
33 Heb. which belongeth to me.
40 Or, flutes.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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