1 Kings Chapter 11 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 Solomons wiues and concubines. 4 In his old age they draw him to idolatry. 9 God threatneth him. 14 Solomons aduersaries were Hadad, who was intertained in Egypt, 23 Rezon who reigned in Damascus, 26 And Ieroboam, to whom Ahiiah prophesied. 41 Solomons actes, reigne, and death: Rehoboam succeedeth him.
2 Of the nations concerning which the Lord said vnto the children of Israel, Yee shall not goe in to them, neither shall they come in vnto you, for surely they will turne away your heart after their gods: Solomon claue vnto these in loue.2
11 Wherefore the Lord said vnto Solomon; Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my Couenant, and my Statutes which I haue commanded thee, I wil surely rend the kingdome from thee, and will giue it to thy seruant.11
18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran, and they tooke men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, vnto Pharaoh king of Egypt, which gaue him an house, and appointed him vitailes, and gaue him land.
29 And it came to passe at that time when Ieroboam went out of Ierusalem, that the Prophet Ahiiah the Shilonite found him in the way: and hee had clad himselfe with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field.
33 Because that they haue forsaken mee, and haue worshipped Ashtaroth the goddesse of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Anunon, and haue not walked in my wayes, to doe that which is right in mine eyes, and to keepe my Statutes, and my Iudgements, as did Dauid his father.
34 Howbeit, I will not take the whole kingdome out of his hand: but I will make him Prince all the dayes of his life, for Dauid my seruants sake, whom I chose, because hee kept my Commandements and my Statutes:
38 And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken vnto all that I command thee, and wilt walke in my wayes, and doe that is right in my sight, to keepe my Statutes and my Commandements, as Dauid my seruant did; that I will be with thee, and build thee a sure house, as I built for Dauid, and will giue Israel vnto thee.
View Wesley's Notes for 1 Kings Chapter 11
11:3 Seven hundred wives, &c. - God had particularly forbidden thekings to multiply either horses or wives, #Deut 17:16|,17, we sawchap.#1Ki 10:29|, how he broke the former law, multiplying horses: andhere we see, how he broke the latter, multiplying wives. David set theexample. One ill act of a good man may do more mischief than twenty of awicked man. Besides, they were strange women, of the nations which Godhad expressly forbidden them to marry with. And to compleat the mischief,he clave unto these in love; was extravagantly fond of them, Solomonhad much knowledge. But to what purpose, when he knew not how to governhis appetites?
11:4 Was old - As having now reigned nigh thirty years. When it mighthave been expected that experience would have made him wiser: then Godpermitted him to fall so shamefully, that he might be to all succeedinggenerations an example of the folly, and weakness of the wisest and thebest men, when left to themselves. Turned his heart - Not that theychanged his mind about the true God, and idols, which is not credible; butthey obtained from him a publick indulgence for their worship, and possiblypersuaded him to join with them in the outward act of idol - worship; or, atleast, in their feasts upon their sacrifices, which was a participation oftheir idolatry.
11:5 Milcom - Called also Moloch.
11:6 Did evil - That is, did not worship God wholly, but joined idolswith him.
11:7 An high place - That is, an altar upon the high place, as themanner of the Heathens was. The hill - In the mount of olives, whichwas nigh unto Jerusalem, #2Sam 15:30|, and from this act was calledthe mount of corruption, #2Kings 23:13|. As it were, to confront thetemple.
11:8 And sacrificed, &c. - See what need those have to stand upon theirguard, who have been eminent for religion. The devil will set upon themmost violently: and if they miscarry, the reproach is the greater. It isthe evening that commends the day. Let us therefore fear, lest having runwell, we come short.
11:12 Fathers sake - For my promise made to him, #2Sam 7:12 |- 15.
11:13 One tribe - Benjamin was not entirely his, but partof it adhered to Jeroboam, as Bethel, #1Kings 12:29|,and Hephron, #2Chron 13:19|, both which were towns ofBenjamin.
11:15 In Edom - By his army, to war against it. To bury - TheIsraelites who were slain in the battle, #2Sam 8:13|,14, whom hehonourably interred in some certain place, to which he is said to go upfor that end. And this gave Hadad the opportunity of making his escape,whilst Joab and his men were employed in that solemnity.Had smitten - Or, and he smote, as it is in the Hebrew: which ishere noted as the cause of Hadad's flight; he understood what Joabhad done in part, and intended farther to do, even to kill all the malesand therefore fled for his life.
11:18 Midian - He fled at first with an intent to go intoEgypt, but took Midian, a neighbouring country, in his way, andstaid there a while, possibly 'till he had by some of his servants triedPharaoh's mind, and prepared the way for his reception.Paran - Another country in the road from Edom to Egypt, where hehired men to attend him, that making his entrance there something like aprince, he might find more favour from that king and people. Land - Tosupport himself and his followers out of the profits of it.
11:19 Found favour - God so disposing his heart, that Hadad mightbe a scourge to Solomon for his impieties.
11:21 Joab - Whom he feared as much as David himself.Own country - Whither accordingly he came; and was there, even from thebeginning of Solomon's reign. And it is probable, by the near relationwhich was between his wife and Solomon's; and, by Pharaoh'sintercession, he obtained his kingdom with condition of subjection andtribute to be paid by him to Solomon; which condition he kept 'tillSolomon fell from God, and then began to be troublesome, and dangerousto his house and kingdom.
11:23 Who fled - When David had defeated him. Zobah - A part ofSyria, between Damascus and Euphrates.
11:24 A band - Of soldiers, who fled upon that defeat,#2Sam 10:18|, and others who readily joined them, and livedby robbery; as many Arabians did. Damascus - And took it,whilst Solomon was wallowing in luxury.
11:25 All adversity - He was a secret enemy, all that time; and whenSolomon had forsaken God, he shewed himself openly. Beside - Thisinfelicity was added to the former; whilst Hadad molested him in thesouth, Rezon threatened him in the north. But what hurt could Hadador Rezon have done, to so powerful a king as Solomon, if he had notby sin made himself mean and weak? If God be on our side, we need not fearthe greatest adversary. But if he be against us, he can make us fear theleast: yea, the grasshopper shall be a burden. Syria - Over all thatpart of Syria, enlarging his empire the more, and thereby laying afoundation for much misery to Solomon's kingdom.
11:28 Charge - The taxes and tributes.
11:29 Went - Probably to execute his charge. Were alone - Havinggone aside for private conference; for otherwise it is most likely that hehad servants attending him, who, though they hear not the words, yet mightsee the action, and the rending of Jeroboam's coat; and thus it came toSolomon's ears, who being so wise, could easily understand the thing bywhat he heard of the action, especially when a prophet did it.
11:39 For this - For this cause, which I mentioned ver.#33|.Not for ever - There shall a time come when the seed of David shallnot be molested by the kingdom of Israel, but that kingdom shall bedestroyed, and the kings of the house of David shall be uppermost, asit was in the days of Asa, Hezekiah and Judah. And at last theMessiah shall come, who shall unite together the broken sticks ofJudah and Joseph, and rule over all the Jews and Gentilestoo.
11:40 Solomon - To whose ears this had come. Shishak - Solomon'sbrother - in - law, who yet might be jealous of him, or alienated from him,because he had taken so many other wives to his sister, might cast a greedyeye upon the great riches which Solomon had amassed together, and uponwhich, presently after Solomon's death, he laid violent hands,#2Chron 12:9|.
11:41 The book - In the publick records, where the lives and actions ofkings were registered from time to time, so this was only a political,not a sacred book.
11:42 Forty years - His reign was as long as his father's, but not hislife; sin shortened his days.
11:43 Slept - This expression is promiscuously used concerning goodand bad; and signifies only, that they died as their fathers did.But did he repent before he died? This seems to be put out of disputeby the book of Ecclesiastes; written after his fall; as is evident,not only from the unanimous testimony of the Hebrew writers, butalso, from the whole strain of that book, which was written long afterhe had finished all his works, and after he had liberally drunk of allsorts of sensual pleasures, and sadly experienced the bitter effects ofhis love of women, #Eccles 7:17|, &c. which makes it more than probable,that as David writ #Psalm 51:1 |- 19.So Solomon wrote this book as a publick testimony and profession of hisrepentance.
1 Kings Chapter 11 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
1 Deut.17. 17. ecclus. 49.19. , Or, besids
2 Exod. 34. 16.
5 Iudg.2. 13.
6 Hebr. fulfilled not after.
9 Chap.3. 5.9.
10 Chap.6. 12.
11 Hebr. is with thee. , Chap.12.15.
15 2.Sam.8. 14.
21 Heb. send me away.
22 Heb. Not.
23 2.Sam.8. 3.and 10. 18.
26 2. Chron. 13.6.
27 Hebr. closed.
28 Heb. did worke. , Hebr. burden.
35 Chap.12. 15.
36 Heb. lampe or candle.
41 Or, words, or things.
42 Heb. dayes. , 2.Chron. 9.30.
43 Mat.1.7. called Roboam.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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