1 Kings Chapter 10 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 The Queene of Sheba admireth the wisdome of Solomon. 14 Solomons gold. 16 His targets. 18 The throne of Iuorie. 21 His vessels. 24 His presents. 26 His chariots and horse. 28 His tribute.
2 And she came to Ierusalem with a very great traine, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when shee was come to Solomon, she communed with him, of all that was in her heart.
5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his seruants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparell, and his cup bearers, and his ascent by which hee went vp vnto the house of the Lord: there was no more spirit in her.5
10 And she gaue the king an hundred and twentie talents of gold, and of spices very great store, & precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices, as these, which the Queene of Sheba gaue to king Solomon.
12 And the king made of the Almug trees, pillars for the house of the Lord, and for the Kings house, Harpes also and Psalteries for singers: there came no such Almug trees, nor were seene vnto this day.12
13 And king Solomon gaue vnto the Queene of Sheba, al her desire whatsoeuer she asked, besides that which Solomon gaue her of his royall bountie: so she turned and went to her owne countrey, she and her seruants.13
21 ¶ And all king Solomons drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forrest of Lebanon were of pure gold, none were of siluer, it was nothing accounted of in the dayes of Solomon.21
26 ¶ And Solomon gathered together charets and horsemen. And hee had a thousand and foure hundred charets, and twelue thousand horsemen, whom he bestowed in the cities for charets, and with the king at Ierusalem.26
29 And a charet came vp and went out of Egypt for sixe hundred shekels of siluer, and an horse for an hundred and fiftie: and so for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, did they bring them out by their meanes.29
View Wesley's Notes for 1 Kings Chapter 10
10:1 Sheba - Of that part of Arabia, called Shabaea, which wasat great distance from Jerusalem, bordering upon the Southern Sea; forthere, much more than in Ethiopia, were the commodities which shebrought, ver.#2|,10.Name of the Lord - That is, concerning God; the name of God beingoften put for God; concerning his deep knowledge in the things of God.For it is very probable she had, as had divers other Heathens, someknowledge of the true God, and an earnest desire to know more concerninghim. Questions - Concerning natural, and civil, and especially, Divinethings.
10:2 All her heart - Of all the doubts and difficulties wherewith hermind was perplexed.
10:4 House - Or, the houses, the temple and the king's house,in both which there were evidences of singular wisdom.
10:5 Sitting - The order and manner in which his courtiers, or othersubjects (who all were his servants in a general sense) sat down atmeals, at several tables in his court. Attendance - Upon the king, bothat his table, and in his court; and when he went abroad to the temple orother places. Apparel - Both the costliness of it, and especially theagreeableness of it to their several places and offices. Went up - Fromhis own palace. See #2Kings 16:18|, but the ancients, and some others,translate the words thus, and the burnt - offerings which he offered up inthe house of the Lord; under which, is the chief, all other sacrificesare understood: when she saw the manner of his offering sacrifices to theLord; which doubtless she would not neglect to see; and in the ordering ofwhich she might discern many characters of excellent wisdom, especially whenshe had so excellent an interpreter as Solomon was, to inform her of thereasons of all the circumstances of that service. No spirit - She wasastonished, and could scarcely determine whether she really saw thesethings, or whether it was only a pleasant dream.
10:8 Happy, &c. - With much more reason may we say this of Christ'sservants: Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be alwayspraising thee.
10:14 Six hundred, &c. - Which amounts to about three millionsof our money. And this gold did not come from Ophir in India, orTharshish; but from Arabia and Ethiopia, which then werereplenished with gold, though exhausted by the insatiable avarice ofsucceeding Ages.
10:15 Merchant - men - Heb. of the searchers; either merchants, whouse to search out commodities: or, the gatherers of the king's revenues,who used to search narrowly into all wares, that the king might not bedefrauded of his rights. Spice - merchants - Or rather, of themerchants in general, as the word is often used. So this and the formerparticular contain both the branches of the king's revenue, what he hadfrom the land, and what he had from the merchants and traders.Kings - Of those parts of Arabia which were next to Canaan, whichwere either conquered by David, or submitted to pay tribute toSolomon. But we must not think all these to be kings of largedominions; many of them were only governors of cities, and the territoriesbelonging to them, such as were formerly in Canaan, and were ancientlycalled kings. The country - Or, of the land; the land ofArabia: whereof some parts were so far conquered, that he had governorsof his own over them, who were each of them to take care of the king'srevenue in his jurisdiction; and part only so far, that they still hadkings of their own, but such as were tributaries to him.
10:16 Targets - For pomp and magnificence, and to be carried beforehim, by his guard, when he went abroad. The Roman magistrates had rodsand axes carried before them, in token of their power to correct the bad:but Solomon shields and targets, to shew he took more pleasure in hispower to defend and protect the good.
10:17 Shields - Smaller than targets.
10:19 Round - Made like the half of a circle.
10:21 Nothing - Comparatively. Such hyperbolical expressions arefrequent both in scripture and other authors. But if gold in abundance,would make silver seem so despicable, shall not wisdom and grace, and theforetastes of heaven, make gold seem much more so?
10:22 Tharshish - Ships that went to Tharshish. For Tharshishwas the name of a place upon the sea, famous for its traffick withmerchants, and it was a place very remote from Judea, as appears fromthe three years usually spent in that voyage. But whether it was Spain,where in those times there was abundance of gold and silver, as Straboand others affirm; or, some place in the Indies, it is needless todetermine.
10:24 All the earth - That is, all the kings of the earth, (as it isexpressed #2Chron 9:23|,) namely of those parts of the earth.
10:28 Horses, &c. - The two chief commodities of Egypt.Price - Solomon received them from Pharaoh at a price agreedbetween them, and gave this privilege to his merchants, for a tributeto be paid out of it.
10:29 Chariot - This is not to be understood of the chariots and horsesthemselves, but for the lading of chariots and horses, which consisting offine linen and silk, were of great value: and the king's custom, togetherwith the charges of the journey, amounted to these sums. Hittites - Apeople dwelling principally in the northern and eastern parts of Canaan,#Josh 1:4|,whom the Israelites, contrary to their duty, suffered to live amongstthem, #Judg 3:5|, who afterwards grew numerous and potent, and, it maybe, sent out colonies (after the manner of the ancient times) into someparts of Syria and Arabia. And possibly, these kings of theHittites may be some of those kings of Arabia, ver.#15|.
1 Kings Chapter 10 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
1 2.Chron. 9. 1. mat.12 42. luke 11. 31.
3 Heb. words
5 Heb. standing. , Or, Butlers
6 Heb. word. , Or, sayings
7 Heb. thou hast added wisedome and goodnes to the fame.
12 Or, railes. Heb. a prop. , 2.Chron. 9.10.
13 Hebr. according to the hand of king Solomon.
15 Or, Captaines.
19 Heb. on the hinder part thereof. , Heb. hands.
20 Heb. so.
21 Or, there was no siluer in them.
22 Or, Elephants teeth.
24 Heb. sought the face of.
26 2.Chron. 1.14.
27 Heb. gaue
28 2.Chron.1. 16. & 9.28. , Heb. and the going forth of the horses which was Solomons.
29 Hebr. by their hand.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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