1 Chronicles Chapter 4 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1. 11 The posteritie of Iudah by Caleb the sonne of Hur. 5 Of Ashur the posthumus son of Hezron. 9 Of Iabez, and his prayer. 21 The posteritie of Shelah. 24 The posteritie and cities of Simeon. 39 Their conquest of Gedor, and of the Amalekites in mount Seir.
10 And Iabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest blesse mee indeede, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might bee with me, and that thou wouldest keepe mee from euill, that it may not grieue me. And God granted him that which he requested.10
18 And his wife Iehudiiah bare Iered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Iekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sonnes of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered tooke.18
41 And these written by name, came in the dayes of Hezekiah king of Iudah, and smote their tents, and the habitations that were found there, and destroyed them vtterly vnto this day, and dwelt in their roomes: because there was pasture there for their flocks.
View Wesley's Notes for 1 Chronicles Chapter 4
4:1 The sons - The posterity: for only Pharez was his immediateson. But they are all mentioned here only to shew Shobal's descent fromJudah.
4:9 Honourably - For courage, and for fervent piety. She recordsthis, that it might be a memorandum to herself, to be thankful to God aslong as she lived, for bringing her through that sorrow: and a memorandumto him, that she bore him into a vale of tears, in which he might expectfew days and full of trouble. And the sorrow in his name might serve toput a seriousness upon his spirit.
4:10 Called - When he was undertaking some great and dangerousservice. Enlarge - Drive out these Canaanites, whom thou hastcommanded us to root out. Grieve - That it may not oppress and overcome
4:12 Rechab - From these are sprung the present inhabitants ofRechab, a town not elsewhere mentioned.
4:14 Father - Of the inhabitants of the valley.
4:21 Shelah - Having treated of the posterity of Judah byPharez, and by Zara, he now comes to his progeny by Shelah.
4:22 Had dominion - Which they ruled in the name and for the use ofthe kings of Judah, to whom Moab was subject from David's time.Ancient things - The sense is those blessed times are long since past.Our ancestors had the dominion over the Heathen, but their degenerateposterity are slaves in Chaldea, were they are employed as pottersor gardeners, or in other servile works.
4:23 There are - He seems to oppose their present servitude to theirformer glory, and to shew their mean spirits that had rather tarry amongthe Heathen to do their drudgery, than return to Jerusalem to serveGod and enjoy their freedom. The king - Of Babylon: esteeming it agreater honour to serve that earthly monarch in the meanest employments,than to serve the king of kings in his temple.
4:27 Of Judah - The tribe of Simeon did not increaseproportionably to the tribe of Judah in which they dwelt; asappears by those two catalogues, #Numb 1:22 26:14|, which isto be ascribed to God's curse upon them, delivered by the mouth ofholy Jacob, #Gen 49:5 |- 7, and signified byMoses's neglect of them when he blessed all the other tribes.
4:31 Their cities - Several of these cities though given to Simeonby Joshua, yet through the sloth or cowardice of that tribe, were nottaken from the Philistines, until David's time, who took some ofthem; and, the Simeonites having justly forfeited their right to themby their neglect, gave them to his own tribe. For it is evident concerningZiklag, one of them, that it was in the Philistines hands inDavid's time, and by them given to him, and by him annexed to the tribeof Judah, #1Sam 27:6|.
4:40 Fat pasture, &c. - Those who thus dwelt (as we do) in a fruitfulcountry, and whose land is wide and quiet and peaceable, have reason toown themselves indebted to that God, who appoints the bounds of ourhabitation. Of Ham - The Canaanites, who descended from Ham.And accordingly these words contain a reason, why they went and possessedthis place, because it was not in the hands of their brethren of Judah,but in the possession of that people which they had authority to expel.
1 Chronicles Chapter 4 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
1 Gen.38. 29.and 46.12. , Or, Chelubai, Chap. 2.9. or Caleb, Chap. 2.18.
2 Or, Haroe, Chap.2.52.
9 That is, sorrowfull.
10 Heb. If thou wilt, &c. , Heb. doe me.
12 Or, the city of Nahash.
13 Or, Hathath, and Meonothai, who begate, &c.
14 Or, inhabitants of the valley. , That is, craftesmen.
15 Or, Vknaz.
18 Or, the Iewesse.
19 Or, Iehudiiah, mentioned before.
21 Gen. 38.1, 5.
24 Or, Iemuel, Gen. 46.10. Exod. 6.15.
27 Heb. vnto.
29 Or, Bela, Iosh. 19.3. , Or, Eltolad, Ios. 19.4.
31 Or, Hazar-Susa, Iosh. 19.5.
32 Or, Ether, Iosh. 19.7.
33 Or, Baalath-Beer, Iosh. 19.8. , Or, as they diuided themselues by nations among them.
38 Hebr. comming.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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