1 Chronicles Chapter 21 (Original 1611 KJV Bible)
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1 Dauid tempted by Satan, forceth Ioab to number the people. 5 The number of the people being brought, Dauid repenteth of it. 9 Dauid hauing three plagues propounded by Gad, chuseth the pestilence. 14 After the death of 70000, Dauid by repentance preuenteth the destruction of Ierusalem. 18 Dauid by Gads direction, purchaseth Ornans threshing floore, where hauing built an Altar, God giueth a signe of his fauour by fire, and stayeth the plague. 28 Dauid sacrificeth there, being restrained from Gibeon by feare of the Angel.
3 And Ioab answered, The Lord make his people an hundred times so many moe as they bee: but, my lord the king, are they not al my lords seruants? why then doeth my lord require this thing? why will hee bee a cause of trespasse to Israel?
5 ¶ And Ioab gaue the summe of the number of the people vnto Dauid: and all they of Israel were a thousand thousand, and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Iudah was foure hundred threescore and ten thousand men, that drew sword.
12 Either three yeeres famine, or three moneths to bee destroyed before thy foes (while that the sword of thine enemies ouertaketh thee) or else three dayes the sword of the Lord, euen the pestilence in the land, and the Angel of the Lord destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore aduise thy selfe, what word I shall bring againe to him that sent me.
15 And God sent an Angel vnto Ierusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the Lord beheld, and he repented him of the euill, and said to the Angel that destroyed, It is ynough, stay now thine hand. And the Angel of the Lord stood by the threshing floore of Ornan the Iebusite.15
16 And Dauid lift vp his eyes, and saw the Angel of the Lord stand betweene the earth and the heauen, hauing a drawen sword in his hand stretched out ouer Ierusalem. Then Dauid and the Elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackecloth, fell vpon their faces.
17 And Dauid said vnto God, Is it not I that commanded the people to be numbred? euen I it is that haue sinned, and done euill indeed, but as for these sheepe, what haue they done? Let thine hand, I pray thee, O Lord my God, be on me, and on my fathers house, but not on thy people, that they should bee plagued.
22 Then Dauid saide to Ornan, Grant mee the place of this threshing floore, that I may build an Altar therein vnto the Lord: thou shalt grant it mee for the full price, that the plague may be stayed from the people.22
23 And Ornan saide vnto Dauid, Take it to thee, and let my lord the king do that which is good in his eyes. Loe, I giue thee the oxen also for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meate offering, I giue it all.
View Wesley's Notes for 1 Chronicles Chapter 21
21:1 Satan stood - Before the Lord and his tribunal to accuse Davidand Israel, and to beg God's permission to tempt David.Standing is the accusers posture before men's tribunals; andconsequently the holy scripture (which useth to speak of the things ofGod, after the manner of men, to bring them down to our capacities)elsewhere represent Satan in this posture.
21:3 Why, &c. - Or, why should this be a cause of trespass, or anoccasion of punishment to Israel? God commonly punishes the peoplefor the sins of their rulers, because they are for the most part guiltyof their sins in one kind or other; or at least God takes this occasionto punish people for all their sins.
21:6 Counted not - Partly for the following reason; and principallyby God's gracious providence to Levi, because they were devoted to hisservice; and to Benjamin, because they were the least of all the tribes,having been almost extinct, #Judg 21:6|, and because God foresaw thatthey would be faithful to the house of David in the division of thetribes, and therefore he would not have them diminished. And Joab alsopresumed to leave these two tribes unnumbered, because he had speciouspretences for it; for Levi, because they were no warriors, and theking's command reached only of those that drew sword. And forBenjamin, because they, being so small a tribe, and bordering uponJerusalem, might easily be numbered afterward.
21:7 Displeased - Because this was done without any colour ofnecessity, and out of mere curiosity, and ostentation.
21:14 There fell, &c. - He was proud of the number of his people, butGod took a course to make them fewer. Justly is that we are proud of so,taken from us, or embittered to us.
21:16 Sackcloth - In mourning garments, humbling themselves before Godfor their sins, and deprecating his wrath against the people.
21:18 Set up an altar, &c. - The commanding of David to build analtar, was a blessed token of reconciliation. For if God had beenpleased to kill him, he would not have commanded, because he wouldnot have accepted a sacrifice at his hands.
21:20 Hid themselves - Because of the glory and majesty in which theangel appeared, which mens weak natures are not able to bear; and fromthe fear of God's vengeance which now seemed to be coming to their family.
21:25 Six hundred - We read, #2Sam 24:24|,he gave fifty shekels of gold: that is, he gave ingold the value of six hundred shekels of silver.
21:26 By fire - Heb. by fire sent from heaven: which was thesign of God's acceptance. The fire that might justly have fastened onthe sinner, fastened upon the sacrifice and consumed it. Thus Christwas made sin and a curse for us, and it pleased the Lord to bruise him,that through him God might be to us, not a consuming fire, but a reconciledFather.
21:28 Sacrificed - When he perceived that his sacrifice was acceptableto God, he proceeded to offer more sacrifices in that place.
21:30 Afraid - When he saw the angel stand with his drawn sword overJerusalem, he durst not go away to Gibeon, lest the angel in themean time should destroy Jerusalem: for the prevention whereof hethought it proper to worship God in that place, which he had consecratedby his special presence and acceptance.
1 Chronicles Chapter 21 Sidenote References (from Original 1611 KJV Bible):
1 Sam.24. 1, &c.
7 And it was euill in the eyes of the LORD concerning this thing.
8 2.Sam. 24.10.
10 Hebr. stretch out.
11 Hebr. take to thee.
13 Or, many.
15 2. Sam. 24.16. , Or, Araunah. 2.sam. 24.18.
18 2.Chron. 3.1.
20 Or, when Ornan turned backe, and saw the Angel, then he and his foure sonnes with him, hid themselues.
22 Heb. giue.
25 2.Sam.24. 24.
29 Chap.16. 39. 2.Chro. 1.3. 1.king. 3.4.
* Courtesy of Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania
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